Thursday, October 16, 2008

Bao'an (Shaanxi)

Bao'an was the former name for Zhidan County, a in Shaanxi , China, in the country's rural north central-western region. From July 1936 to January 1937, it was the capital of -controlled China, during the Chinese Civil War, before being replaced by Yan'an.


Bao'an bears historical significance as it temporarily served as the capital of -controlled China during the Chinese Civil War of the 1930s, in which Communist forces battled the Republic of China regime under the Chinese Nationalists . From early July 1936 to January 1937 Bao'an was the site of the Communist Party of China's Central Committee headquarters and of that of the Communist military forces, the People's Liberation Army.

In 1937 Bao'an was replaced in both roles by Yan'an --also in Shaanxi Province--the most significant and renowned Chinese Communist outpost, which served as Communist capital until 1947.


Bao'an County was renamed Zhidan County after Liu Zhidan, military strategist and high-ranking leader of the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army who died fighting for the Communist side in 1935.

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